2018年11月20日

RESULTS Japan’s garbage bins impacts on sanitation.

Since the installation of the Garbage bins in Kangemi, a couple of weeks ago, sanitation has taken another new turn In the area where the bins are installed.

It has come to my attention that most people find it easy to litter because they do not appropriate designated areas for putting litter. With a gradual change of mindset, it is very possible to transform people ‘s way of life positively.

The people of Kangemi are using the bins wisely and they can now comfortably collect garbage in one area inside or around the bins for the collectors to pick them.

The Nairobi city council has the mandate to recollect the garbage from the bins and dispose of them far from the residential area where they are incinerated.

Speaking to the youths of Kangemi today as the bins were being emptied, they told me that the initiative is very helpful to them and requested if more could be installed to benefit more residents.

One major challenge is the time the city council takes to act on such activities, the bins can fill up and even spill before the authority notices, however, it is upon the people themselves to act where the Government is taking time to implement simple beneficial activities such as garbage collection.

Dicken


posted by resultsjp at 16:34| Comment(3) | 情報

ADVANCING ADOLESCENT HEALTH AND NUTRITION


Adolescence marks a critical period of growth in the life course including physical, cognitive and social development.

To address this issue, twenty interdisciplinary public health experts from 15 research and training intuitions in 10 countries recently gathered in Ethiopia, for a three-day workshop, “Advancing Adolescent Health and Nutrition.”

Diets and nutrition, SRH, and mental health stood out among participants as prominent health needs for adolescents across settings.

Adolescents have low dietary diversity, a key nutritional risk factor. Iron deficiency anemia is the leading cause of disease among adolescents globally and adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa have high rates of iron, vitamin A, and other micronutrient deficiencies, with implications for their health and development across the life course.

Furthermore, complications from pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death for adolescent girls 15-19 years of age.

Gender, exposure to violence, and living situation at home, for example, emerged as important correlates for suicidal ideation that should be examined in more depth.

Despite the variations and challenges outlined above, taken together, the experiences from the research tell a powerful story, providing valuable insight into the adolescent health research agenda.

The holistic advancement of adolescent health and wellbeing between experts from different disciplines and settings exemplifies global health collaboration at its best which needs the implementation of its findings.

Hilda

posted by resultsjp at 16:28| Comment(2) | 情報

WORLD TOILET DAY


Every year of November 19, World Toilet Day puts sanitation at the centre of development agenda. Much more than toilets alone, this day is about dignity, gender equality and safeguarding our health and well being.

In Kenya, 12 percent of the population has no access to toilets and proper sanitation with 15 percent of people living in rural areas defecating in the open compared to 3 percent in the urban areas. This poses serious health concerns such as cholera, with devastating effects.

Poor sanitation also has impacts beyond public health including living and working conditions, nutrition and economic productivity.

Kenya has adopted SDG 6 which specifically aims at ensuring that each citizen has a safe toilet and is committed to eliminating open defecation by 2020.

This requires county governments to plan how to support households and communities to invest in latrines and hand washing facilities.

While notable efforts are underway across the country, some counties have already made remarkable progress. Busia and Kitui counties have been declared open-defecation free, while Siaya and Isiolo are nearing the finish line.

Bold financial investment, alongside sustained support for communities to eliminate open defecation, can have a significant transformative effect on the lives and health of millions.

This means that the citizens will require less health care, miss less work due to illnesses and prevent deaths due to poor sanitation.

Pauline
posted by resultsjp at 16:20| Comment(3) | 情報

11月19日は世界トイレの日

日本リザルツケニア事務所のアブタさんのブログ記事の邦訳を紹介します。

11月19日は世界トイレの日です。
ケニア保健省の統計によると、およそ600万人のケニア人はトイレのような清潔な衛生設備にアクセスできていません。彼らは森林や草むらなどで野外排泄を余儀なくされています。

こうした人間の排泄物は、下水に直接流れ込み、それが特に子どもたちが下痢やコレラなどの死に直結する病に感染する要因となっています。

公衆衛生の不備、特にトイレの不足は5歳以下の子どもの栄養不良と生育不良にも影響があり、こうした子どもたちはマラリアや肺炎などの疾患にかかりやすくなります。
こうした問題を解決するため、ケニア保健省はコミュニティ主導の衛生改善イニシアティブ(CLTS)を立ち上げました。
このイニシアティブは野外排泄を減らし、トイレなどの重要性をコミュニティで啓発することで環境の悪化と下痢、コレラ、赤痢などのまん延を防ぐことを目的としています。

子どもの役割
子どもは、世帯内で公衆衛生の改善を啓発する際の重要な役割を果たします。例えば、CLTSでは野外排泄を防ぐために子どもに歌ってもらいながら啓発を行っています。より多くの子どもたちが公衆衛生の改善とトイレの使い方などを学ぶことができます。
ケニア保健省は2020年までのゴールとして「野外排泄ゼロ(ODF)」を設定しており、このイニシアティブは子どもたちがコミュニティを変え、よりよい未来を構築するきっかけをもたらしています。

昨年、47のカウンティのうち34で、コレラがまん延し、多くの命が失われました。被害が大きかったのは、野外排泄の多い地域でした。

こうした疾病は、ケニアの経済にも影響します。2012年の世界銀行の調査によると公衆衛生の不備によって、270億ケニアシリングの損失が出ています。

野外排泄ゼロを達成しているのは、BusiaとKituiだけです。

Abuta

日本は世界有数のトイレがきれいな国です。是非、日本の知見を活かして、ケニアをはじめとした国の公衆衛生が改善されるといいですね。
(はるか)
posted by resultsjp at 09:35| Comment(2) | 情報